C. V. Raman 

Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (C. V. Raman) was an Indian physicist and Nobel laureate who made significant contributions to the field of physics, particularly in the area of optics. He was born on November 7, 1888, in Tiruchirapalli, India, and died on November 21, 1970, in Bangalore, India.

Raman received his education at Presidency College in Madras and later at the University of Calcutta, where he received his Ph.D. in 1917. He worked at the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science in Calcutta for most of his career.

Raman is most famous for discovering the Raman effect, which is the scattering of light by molecules, and is named after him. This discovery helped to establish the field of modern molecular spectroscopy and led to Raman being awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930.

In addition to his work on the Raman effect, Raman also made significant contributions to the study of acoustics and the optics of colloids. He was a fellow of the Royal Society and was awarded many other honors and awards throughout his career.

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